mpas_tools.viz.transects.find_transect_cells_and_weights(lonTransect, latTransect, dsTris, dsMesh, tree, degrees=True, subdivisionRes=10000.0)[source]

Find “nodes” where the transect intersects the edges of the triangles that make up MPAS cells.

  • lonTransect (xarray.DataArray) – The latitude and longitude of segments making up the transect

  • latTransect (xarray.DataArray) – The latitude and longitude of segments making up the transect

  • dsTris (xarray.Dataset) – A dataset that defines triangles, the results of calling mesh_to_triangles()

  • dsMesh (xarray.Dataset) – A data set with the full MPAS mesh.

  • tree (scipy.spatial.cKDTree) – A tree of edge centers from triangles making up an MPAS mesh, the return value from make_triangle_tree()

  • degrees (bool, optional) – Whether lonTransect and latTransect are in degrees (as opposed to radians).

  • subdivisionRes (float, optional) – Resolution in m to use to subdivide the transect when looking for intersection candidates. Should be small enough that curvature is small.


dsOut (xarray.Dataset) – A dataset that contains “nodes” where the transect intersects the edges of the triangles in dsTris. The nodes also includes the two end points of the transect, which typically lie within triangles. Each internal node (that is, not including the end points) is purposefully repeated twice, once for each triangle that node touches. This allows for discontinuous fields between triangles (e.g. if one wishes to plot constant values on each MPAS cell). The Cartesian and lon/lat coordinates of these nodes are xCartNode, yCartNode, zCartNode, lonNode and latNode. The distance along the transect of each intersection is dNode. The index of the triangle and the first triangle node in dsTris associated with each intersection node are given by horizTriangleIndices and horizTriangleNodeIndices, respectively. The second node on the triangle for the edge associated with the intersection is given by numpy.mod(horizTriangleNodeIndices + 1, 3).

The MPAS cell that a given node belongs to is given by horizCellIndices. Each node also has an associated set of 6 interpHorizCellIndices and interpHorizCellWeights that can be used to interpolate from MPAS cell centers to nodes first with area-weighted averaging to MPAS vertices and then linear interpolation along triangle edges. Some of the weights may be zero, in which case the associated interpHorizCellIndices will be -1.

Finally, lonTransect and latTransect are included in the dataset, along with Cartesian coordinates xCartTransect, yCartTransect, zCartTransect`, and dTransect, the great-circle distance along the transect of each original transect point. In order to interpolate values (e.g. observations) from the original transect points to the intersection nodes, linear interpolation indices transectIndicesOnHorizNode and weights transectWeightsOnHorizNode are provided. The values at nodes are found by:

nodeValues = ((transectValues[transectIndicesOnHorizNode] *
              + (transectValues[transectIndicesOnHorizNode+1] *
                 (1.0 - transectWeightsOnHorizNode))